Type 2 Diabetes Increases Heart Attack Risk
Would you jump out of the way of a rolling car if you knew the inevitable impact might kill you? Type 2 diabetes is like a rolling car.
If you have Type 2 diabetes, elevated blood sugars and accumulating intra-abdominal fat have already released your ‘brakes’ setting you in motion for a health crisis.
The bad news is: Type 2 diabetes often leads to coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in both women and men.
The good news is: Type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease are preventable. And —you have the ability to stop the progression of both diseases by eating healthy and making good lifestyle choices.
If you’ve been told you have pre-diabetes or “borderline” blood sugar elevations, it is time to take control to stop cholesterol plaques from forming inside the large vessels on the surface of the heart. The build up of cholesterol gradually slows, and then stops blood flow causing a heart attack. Other arteries around the body are also affected. Blood flow in the neck and arteries feeding kidneys, eyes and limbs also become diseased.
A study presented this month at the American Heart Association High Blood Pressure Research Scientific Sessions reported important findings: Women of all ages, from 19 to 84, showed Type 2 diabetes was a major contributor to arterial plaque buildup regardless of age, family history, smoking or having high blood pressure.
If borderline blood glucose levels are present, Type 2 diabetes can be prevented with weight control, exercise and the addition of the medication, Metformin. Men and women with Type 2 diabetes who keep their weight in check, eat healthy, exercise and take glucose-lowering medication also reduce their risks for heart disease, kidney damage and visual loss.
Obesity is a major contributing factor to developing diabetes. Because so many people are overweight, the incidence of Type 2 diabetes has increased. Screening females for cholesterol plaques at younger ages is now recommended so the disease can be identified and aggressively treated. This may also pertain to men with Type 2 diabetes, although this particular study only included women.
Betty Kuffel, MD